Producer: Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta
|Annual average 2016*|
*Nickel values and trace element levels are yearly averages and can vary from the figures shown above.
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Nickel is known to have been discovered in 1751. As recently as a hundred years ago, it was still considered to be a worthless variety of copper. Miners in south-eastern Germany mistook a mixture of nickel and arsenic for copper. The name of the metal comes from the German word "Nickel" which was the name given to an evil spirit who was reputed to interfere with the work of miners.
Today there are about 300,000 applications of nickel, but the most significant of them is the production of stainless and special steels. Nickel enhances their durability, resistance to corrosion and aggressive environment. Another application requiring active nickel consumption is nickel plating. Nickel does not fade in the air, and nickel coating, in addition to hardness and corrosion resistance, also has excellent decorative properties. Nickel is included in alloys used in automotive and petrochemical sector, and in superalloys used in aerospace industry. Nickel compounds are used in battery production and chemical industry, and as catalysts of chemical reactions.